1. Smith, Sharon, et al. (2018). National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2015 Data Brief Updated Release. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/2015data-brief508.pdf
  2. Sex Offenses Reported Via Nibrs in 2013. (2015). U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. https://ucr.fbi.gov/nibrs-sex-offenses-study-2013
  3. Child Maltreatment 2018. (2020). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children’s Bureau. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/cb/cm2018.pdf
  4. Morgan, R. & Oudekerk, B. (2019). Criminal Victimization, 2018. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv18.pdf
  5. Teicher, M. H., & Samson, J. A. (2013). Childhood Maltreatment and Psychopathology: A Case for Ecophenotypic Variants as Clinically and Neurobiologically Distinct Subtypes. American Journal of Psychiatry, 170(10), 1114–1133. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12070957. https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12070957
  1. Allen J Beck, M. Berzofsky, Caspar, R., & Krebs, C. (2013). Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, 2011–12. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/svpjri1112.pdf
  2. Smith, Erica & Jessica Stroop. (2019). Sexual Victimization Reported by Youth in Juvenile Facilities, 2018. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Accessed 25 Mar. 2020. https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=6746
  3. Herrenkohl, T., Jung, H., Lee, O., & Kim, M.-H. (2017). Effects of Child Maltreatment, Cumulative Victimization Experiences, and Proximal Life Stress on Adult Crime and Antisocial Behavior. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/250506.pdf
  4. 2018 NCVRW Resource Guide: Sexual Violence Fact Sheet. (2018). Ovc.Ncjrs.Gov; Office for Victims of Crime. https://ovc.ncjrs.gov/ncvrw2018/info_flyers/fact_sheets/2018NCVRW_SexualViolence_508_QC.pdf
  5. Crime & Victimization in the United States. (2017). Ncjrs.Gov; Office for Victims of Crime. https://www.ncjrs.gov/ovc_archives/ncvrw/2017/images/en_artwork/Fact_Sheets/2017NCVRW_CrimeAndVictimization_508.pdf

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